After the explosion here I'm talking about "THE BIG BANG", only two types of materials are formed. The first one is the most common one which naturally exists in our environment is "MATTER" and another one is "ANTIMATTER" only a few people knew about this material it's the reason is very common it doesn't exist naturally in our environment and the whole "UNIVERSE" it is concluded by research.


What is the MATTER?

The most common definition of MATTER is that anything that occupies space and has mass, it means that it has some volume which will contain the mass. Everything in our universe is made up of matter. So, whatever you see which have some mass is matter. 

Properties of the sub-atomic particles of MATTER

Electrons: They are negatively charged particle has a charge of -1 on each electron. The mass of an electron is 9.109389*10^-31 Kilogram which is about negligible. It also spins on their axis as the planets do.
Protons: They are positively charged particles has a charge of +1 on each proton. The mass of a proton is slightly less than proton but 1836 times massive than electrons which is 1.672623*10^-27. It is located at the centre of the atom or we can say in the Nucleus of the atom.
Neutron: They have a net-zero charge on them or we can say they are neutral. The mass of a neutron is about 1.674929*10^-27. It is also located at the nucleus of the atom and also it has some magnetic moments.

Some States And Phases Of Matter

There are four aspects of matter: 

Solids, fluids, gases and plasma. 
The fifth condition is the man-made state of Bose-Einstein.


It's tight, the particles are packed together tightly so they don't go too far. The electrons in each atom are constantly moving, so the atoms have a little vibration, but are suspended instead. Because of this, solid particles have very low kinetic energy.

Solids have a definite composition, as well as quantity and volume, and do not agree with the composition of the container on which they are placed. Solids also have a high solubility, which means that particles are packed together.


Water-soluble, particles are saturated rather than solid and can flow on their own, giving the liquid a permanent shape. Therefore, the fluid will be compatible with the composition of its container.

Like solids, the liquid (most of which has a lower density than the solvent) is very difficult to compress.


In electricity, particles have a large space between them and have high kinetic energy. Gas has no specific shape or volume. If not specified, the gas particles will disappear permanently; when closed, the gas will expand to fill its container. When the gas is put under pressure by reducing the volume of the container, the space between the particles is reduced and the gas is compressed.


Plasma is not a normal state of matter here on Earth, but it can be a very common condition in the universe, according to the Jefferson Laborator. Stars are extremely balls of plasma.

Plasma has highly charged particles with high kinetic energy. Good gases (helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon and radon) are often used to generate glowing signals by using electricity to build them in the plasma state.

Bose-Einstein condensate

The Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) was developed by scientists in 1995. Using a combination of lasers and magnets, Eric Cornell and Carl Weiman who are amazing scientists at the Joint Institute for Lab Astrophysics (JILA) in Boulder, Colorado, sprayed a sample of rubidium to within a few degrees that is absolute zero. At this very low temperature, the flow of cells is very close to normal. Since there is virtually no kinetic energy being transferred from one atom to another, the atoms begin to come together. No more thousands of different atoms, just one "atom."

BEC is used to study quantum mechanics at macroscopic level. The light seems to slow down as it passes the BEC, allowing scientists to study the particle / wave paradox. BEC also has many properties of superfluid or liquid flowing without collision. BECs are also used to simulate potential situations in black holes.


What is Antimatter?

So, antimatter is anything whose properties are opposite on behalf of normal matter. But in our current life, it doesn't exist in our natural environment. To get more information check at the bottom which have some question related to it.

Properties of the sub-atomic particles of ANTIMATTER

Positron: It has a positive charge as you can guess by its name but in a normal matter, it is known as the electron. So, the positron is anti-electron.
Antiproton: It has a negative charge but in a normal matter, it has a positive charge. But in antimatter, it has a negative charge. Therefore it is known as Antiproton.
Antineutron: It is electrically charged neutral but it has the magnetic moment which opposite than the normal neutron.


Some scientists say that there was nothing before Big Bang which basically means that there is no motion or there is no any period then some scientists arises a question that if there were nothing or no period then how this explosion happened so they answer that because of the high pressure in the bonding of the thing which have been exploded and cause Big Bang was very much high and due to the increase of pressure, the bonding didn't hold the particles with each other so it broke down and this ultimate broke down of the particles turns into an explosion which is known as Big Bang.

The Question Arises😕

Q 1. Why only matter exists in our natural environment?

ANS: By research, the scientists depict that after BIG BANG two types of material were formed (matter and antimatter) and they are formed in same quantity (50-50)% but the matter was slightly more than the antimatter so because of the opposition in the properties of matter and antimatter they react with each other get destroy. After millions of years, only a few matters left in the universe so they combine and got exploded and after that, the matter flourishes all over the universe.

Q 2. Is antimatter still exists in our EARTH?

ANS: Yes, antimatter matter exists in Earth but not naturally it has been made artificially or we can say scientifically.

Q 3. How antimatter form on our EARTH artificially?

ANS: With the help of the neutron particle accelerator they collide the particle at very high speed. But it a very small quantity.

Q 4. How much antimatter are there in our world?

ANS: Only 15 nanograms of antimatter is produced in our world.

Q 5. What is the benefit of antimatter?

ANS: 1. Antimatter is highly unbalanced so due to this is highly reactive.
2. We can use Antimatter as a SPACE FUEL and through which we can travel at the speed of light in future. 

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