WHAT IS ANTIMATTER AND ITS PROPERTIES | HOW DOES IT FORMED | WHY IT IS SO REACTIVE

WHAT IS ANTIMATTER AND ITS PROPERTIES |

HOW DOES IT FORMED | WHY IT IS SO REACTIVE


WHAT IS ANTIMATTER AND ITS PROPERTIES | HOW DOES IT FORMED | WHY IT IS SO REACTIVE
WHAT IS ANTIMATTER AND ITS PROPERTIES | HOW DOES IT FORMED | WHY IT IS SO REACTIVE

Introduction 


After the explosion here I'm talking about "THE BIG BANG", only two types of materials are formed. The first one is the most common one which naturally exists in our environment is "MATTER" and another one is "ANTIMATTER" only a few people knew about this material it's the reason is very common it doesn't exist naturally in our environment and the whole "UNIVERSE" it is concluded by research.


Antimatter sounds like a very fantastic energy source and when the particles hit matter they obliterate each other instantly, releasing energy. But the problem is that there is hardly any antimatter available in the universe. IIfyou had the opportunity to annihilate in one single instant all the antimatter ever produced in the history of mankind, it wouldn’t release enough energy to boil a pot of tea! Although not a good source of energy, antimatter does have its applications; for example, it is routinely used in hospitals for imaging. In positron emission tomography (PET) an electron and a positron (the antimatter particle of the electron) are used to detect a radioactive nuclide in the body of the patient. The real excitement of antimatter research is that it has the potential to rewrite our assumptions about the nature and properties of space and time. 


What is Antimatter?


So, Antimatter is anything whose properties are opposite on behalf of normal matter. But in our current life, it doesn't exist in our natural environment because they have the properties that are opposite to the normal matter, it can be explained with an example of antidote, like when anyone is sick with tetanus than we provide aCanaanitettetanus injection to kill it same will be applied in matter and antimatter when they both reactor combine they destroy each other simultaneously. To get more information about it then check at the bottom which has some question related to that topic.


Properties of the sub-atomic particles of ANTIMATTER


Positron: It has positive charge as you can guess by its name but in the normal matter it is known as the electron So, the position is an antielectron

Antiproton: It has a negative charge but in the normal matter it a positive charge But in antimatter, it has a negative charge. Therefore it is known as Antiproton.

Antineutron: It is electrically neutral but it has a magnetic moment that is opposite than the normal neutron.


History 


Some scientists say that there was nothing before Big Bang which means that there is no motion or there is no any period then some scientists arises a question that if there were nothing or no period then how this explosion happened so they answer that because of the high pressure in the bonding of the thing which has been exploded and cause Big Bang was very much high and due to the increase of pressure, the bonding didn't hold the particles with each other so it broke down and this ultimate broke down of the particles turns into an explosion which is known as Big Bang.


And after the Big Bang, two types of particle are formed and they are MATTER and ANTIMATTER. They have the opposite property on behalf of the both, Ex-Matter is Quite stable and it is some less reactive thing but Antimatter is highly unstable and it is a very reactive thing and produces an enormous amount of energy which out of the limits here we can use E=MC^2 and we can calculate the energy that had been produced.


Industry applications


Although antimatter doesn’t offer any of the immediate benefits for industry other than for imaging purposes in medical applications, all the industry partners involved in the AVA project are developing sensor technologies or advanced detector technologies. The challenge with antimatter general, s that there are a small number of tiny particles. They also cover an enormous range of energies – some are very low energy, some are very high energy – and new technologies must essentially detect every one of these. Once industrial partners have demonstrated that the technology they have developed can measure particles as exotic and challenging as antiprotons, these advances can automatically find their way into other applications.


Medical imaging in particular would benefit tremendously from adopting these new systems, as they would significantly increase the resolution and the completeness of any diagnostic. AVA is just starting, but it follows a strategy that has worked well for other projects coordinated by the Cockcroft Institute. For example, LA3NET brought together classical accelerator scientists with the laser community, two fields which hadn’t talked to each other a lot in the past, and this resulted in the development of technologies that we wouldn’t have been able to produce otherwise. Creating collaborations between the communities that previously had little contact is always a big challenge. Our motivation is to provide the best possible training to our 15 fellows and I strongly believe this should be interdisciplinary.


Some Question Arises


Q 1. Why only matter exists in our natural environment 


ANS: By are search the scientists depict that after BIG BANG two types of material were formed (matter and antimatter) and they are formed in same quantity (50-50)% but the matter was slightly more than the antimatter so because of the opposition in the properties of matter and antimatter they react with each other get destroy. After millions of years, only matters left in the universe so they combine wand got exploded and after that, the matters flourishes all over the universe.


Q 2. Is antimatter iI still exists in our earth?


ANS: Yes, antimatter matter exists in Earth but not naturally it has been made artificially or we can say scientifically.


Q 3. How antimatter form on our EARTH artificially?


ANS: With the help of the neutron particle accelerator they collide the particle at very high speed. But it a very small quantity.


Q 4. How much antimatter are there in our world?


ANS: Only 15 nanograms of antimatter produced in our world.


Q 5. What is the benefit of antimatter?


ANS: The benefits of antimatter are as follow: 

  • Antimatter is highly unbalanced so due to this is highly reactive.

  • We can use Antimatter as a SPACE FUEL and through which we can travel at the speed of light in future. 

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